The Delhi Agreement of 2007 was a landmark agreement signed between the Government of India and leaders of different Naga rebel groups. The agreement was aimed at bringing peace to the state of Nagaland, which had been plagued by insurgency and violence for decades.
The agreement was signed in the national capital of Delhi on July 6, 2007, after several rounds of negotiations between the two parties. It was signed by then-Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, and representatives of different Naga rebel groups, including the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM) and the Naga National Council (NNC).
The Delhi Agreement of 2007 provided for a number of measures aimed at resolving the long-standing Naga issue. Some of the key provisions of the agreement included the following:
1. Ceasefire: The agreement provided for a ceasefire between the Indian security forces and the Naga rebels. This was a major breakthrough as it brought an end to decades of violence and bloodshed in the region.
2. Integration of Naga Areas: The agreement recognized the integration of all Naga-inhabited areas under one administrative unit. This was a long-standing demand of the Naga groups, who had been seeking a separate Naga state.
3. Regional Council: The agreement also provided for the establishment of a Regional Council for the Naga people. The council was tasked with overseeing the development of the region and promoting the cultural and ethnic identity of the Naga people.
4. Constitutional Amendment: The agreement provided for a constitutional amendment to give legal recognition to the unique history and identity of the Naga people.
The Delhi Agreement of 2007 was seen as a major step towards resolving the Naga issue. However, there were some criticisms of the agreement, including the fact that it did not address the issue of sovereignty, which was a key demand of some Naga groups.
In conclusion, the Delhi Agreement of 2007 was a significant agreement that aimed at bringing peace to the state of Nagaland. It provided for a number of measures to address the long-standing Naga issue and was a major breakthrough in bringing an end to decades of violence and bloodshed in the region.